Isolation centres have proven to be the saviour in these tough times. Without them, proper management of covid patients wouldn’t have been possible given the worsening covid-19 scenario. Therefore, it is important you know about an isolation center and its role in the current scenario.
What is an isolation centre?
Isolation is one of the many measures you can take to control infection in health care facilities. It prevents communicable diseases from being passed from patients to visitors, other patients, and health care workers, or its spread from outsiders to a patient (reverse isolation). There are many forms of isolation. Some involve modified contact procedures, while others keep the patient away from other people.
When a patient has a contagious, viral, or bacterial disease that can be transmitted from one person to another, isolation is often used. To manage patients in isolation, special equipment is required. Personal protective equipment like gowns, gloves, and masks, along with engineering controls like positive and negative pressure rooms, laminar airflow equipment, and other mechanical and structural barriers, are needed. In the event of an emergency, isolation centres can be temporarily designated in hospitals. These centres can help in the isolation process.
What is the difference between isolation and quarantine?
The main difference between isolation and quarantine is in their meaning itself. Self-isolation and quarantine refer to the act or process of isolating oneself or someone from the surroundings. Although the terms sound somewhat similar, they are different from each other. Quarantine is for people who have no symptoms, while isolation is for those with confirmed disease. Isolation is often stricter than quarantine. People are quarantined if they have either come in contact with an infected person. It is a step to prevent any potential spread of the virus.
The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has created many challenges for health systems. Large numbers of patients can overwhelm staff and health facilities, which can lead to a crisis in the health system. People with mild to moderate symptoms like fatigue, fever, muscle pain, cough, sore throat, nasal congestion, shortness of breath can get help from isolation centres. The majority of isolation centres do not provide care for patients with severe illness or people at high risk of developing severe disease. Such people should seek treatment at a hospital or health facility that offers advanced care, treatment, and continuous monitoring.
Isolation centres accept these people in case there is no availability of hospital beds. This helps prevent the transmission of disease that could have occurred if the person stayed at home. Patients with mild and moderate illnesses who have been tested should remain at home while they wait for their results. This will prevent them from becoming infected by patients at an isolation centre. People waiting for their results can isolate at an isolation facility if it is impossible to safely isolate at home.
Isolation centres are vital for the efficient management of covid 19 and other contagious diseases. Therefore, it has become crucial to increase the number of isolation centres in the country to deal with the increasing number of such diseases.